Hijra [n 1] is a term given to eunuchs , intersex people, and transgender people in the Indian subcontinent. Hijras are officially recognized as third gender in countries in the Indian subcontinent,   being considered neither completely male nor female. Hijras have a recorded history in the Indian subcontinent from antiquity onwards as suggested by the Kama Sutra period. Many hijras live in well-defined and organised all- hijra communities, led by a guru. The word " hijra " is a Hindustani word. Since the late 20th century, some hijra activists and non-government organizations NGOs have lobbied for official recognition of the hijra as a kind of "third sex" or " third gender ", as neither man nor woman. The Hindustani word hijra may alternately be romanized as hijira , hijda , hijada , hijara , hijrah and is pronounced Hindustani pronunciation:
Two hundred hijras were recruited through Respondent Driven Sampling and interviewed by a team of experienced interviewers. The mean age of the respondents was More than two third Eight percent had sex with a woman during the last year.
The transgender people hijra , who claim to be neither male nor female, are socially excluded in Bangladesh. This paper describes social exclusion of hijra [The term is used in this abstract both in singular and plural sense] focusing on the pathway between exclusion and sexual health. In an ethnographic study, 50 in-depth interviews with hijra , 20 key-informant interviews, and 10 focus-group discussions FGDs , along with extensive field observations, were conducted.